Crossbow 101: Basic Anatomy

Crossbow has been present over the past few years, where it was used for hunting. Nowadays, it has been developed by manufacturers to be used in archery and has been engineered to meet the archer’s demand. Whatever time you’re in, there will always be the essential parts of a crossbow to make it function just like the original one. You must have the basic knowledge of the anatomy of the crossbow for you to be able to start using one.

In a compound or recurve bow, all you need is to pull and release the bowstring. On the other hand, a crossbow resembles a rifle and fires a bolt from the rail. In order to understand this better, here’s a description of each part.

Scope

There is a lot of top of the range crossbow scopes available in the market, but before browsing for one, you must know that there are two main types of scopes.

The first one is a multi-dot scope, which helps you magnify or enlarge your target (until 50 plus yards), making your target easier to shoot. The other type is the red dot scope. This type of scope is much wider than the first one, but can only scope up to 40 yards.

Stock

The stock serves as the bast of a crossbow, which holds together the trigger, barrel, and sight bridge. When using it, it should be rested against the shoulder of the user. Stock is usually made up of wood, but other manufacturers prefer to use plastic or other materials. The primary purpose of the stock is to be the handle while shooting a bolt.

Stirrup

It is a hoop-shaped metal ring where the archer’s foot is placed. This helps in stabilizing the bow while cocking it. Normally, it is made up of metal, which is shaped into a letter D or T and is mounted at riser or barrels.

Barrel

This is seen on top of the crossbow, which helps in aligning the bolt and the string. It is also known as track or flight trail. They are made of plastic or polymer, but some prefer high-end materials such as aluminum and carbon fiber.

Cable

Cables pass through the stock in a crossbow and help adjust the firing power of the crossbow. Whenever you pull the string, the cables serve as pulleys.

String

This is an essential part because it is used in loading the crossbow. It connects both limbs were kinetic energy is stored and be transferred to the bold when the trigger is squeezed. This is where your performance and shooting power depends.

Trigger

Just like a gun, the trigger releases the latch that holds the bowstring. Some feature a dual safety system to prevent accidental firing. It is either mounted behind or underneath the latch.

These are just a few of the essential parts of a crossbow. Understanding its components is critical if you are a new archer. It will help you understand its mechanism, thus operating the crossbow properly, depending on your ability.